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ΤΙΤΛΟΣ Ο κομβικός ρόλος του Σαμπά στην αρχαιοτοπογραφία της επαρχίας Πεδιάδας: το παράδειγμα του μινωικού οικισμού Βορνό ‒ Πύργος
ΣΥΓΓΡΑΦΕΑΣ Γκαλανάκη, Καλλιόπη Ε. | Παπαδάκη, Χριστίνα | Evely, Don | Σπυριδάκης, Μιχάλης
ΤΜΗΜΑ α
ΓΛΩΣΣΑ Ελληνικά / Greek
ΗΜ/ΝΙΑ ΔΗΜΟΣΙΕΥΣΗΣ 31.03.2018
ΛΕΞΕΙΣ ΚΛΕΙΔΙΑ Επαρχία Πεδιάδας, Σαμπάς, Καστέλι Πεδιάδας, εργαστήριο Πεδιάδας, φρυκτωρίες, ξυλοδεσιές, σφραγίδα-περίαπτο, ενσφράγιστη λαβή
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Περίληψη


Vorno/Pyrgos (Samba) lies in an upland location, with good visual contacts; naturally fortified, and surrounded by fertile fields, good water resources and on principal routes in the Pediada. Earlier research equated it with the historical town of Thenai: contemporary fortifications exist. 

Rescue excavation (2004) was limited to a disturbed area (the Old School). Slight structural remains of two Bronze Age phases exist. Extensive deposits of stone, mud-brick and adobe in Region I, at the NE, mark the first, with EMIB-IIA ceramics of a domestic character. The structure had wooden uprights held in the masonry by especially-prepared mudbricks. The ceramics also contain material of the Pyrgos, Vassiliki and Koumasa styles; with stone tools and a steatite seal stone.

The second phase, with little masonry, is a 3-room structure. The heavily disturbed soils hold pottery of EMIII-MMI, MMIIΙ-LMIA, alongside medieval and modern wares. The Minoan ceramics (for drinking/pouring, preparing/serving foods, storage, and “beehives”) are strongly conservative, and of the local Pediada Workshop. A few imports from north-central and south Crete exist.

Survey-work places Samba in an intensively-occupied area of apparently self-sufficient units, lacking a regional centre. Their successful autonomy may explain the lack of political cohesion: only in the early Neopalatial was such imposed through the agency of Galatas.