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TITLE Defining the “majority” inside the General Assembly of Cretans between 1878 and 1889; the transition from religious towards political disputes
AUTHOR Καλοκαιρινός Ανδρέας
LANGUAGE Αγγλικά / English
PUBLISH DATE 31.12.2019
KEYWORDS Late Ottoman Crete, Ottoman peripheries, Ottoman reforms, Empire building from below, Politicization, Party politics, General Assembly of Cretans.
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This paper examines the question of politicization in Crete during the late Ottoman period, specifically between the years 1878 and 1889. By focusing on the minutes of the General Assembly, I argue that although the terms “majority” and “minority” as used by the representatives of the time initially referred to religious groups, they gradually acquired a purely political content. This transition was part of the emergence of a local political scene on the island within which party politics played a dominant role.